To assess the morphological characteristics of uveitic macular edema studied with Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to investigate the correlation between the tomographic features and visual acuity.
71 eyes of 55 patients underwent examination with Spectralis OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany). Data was correlated with logMAR best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).
Two morphological patterns were observed: cystoid macular edema (CME) in 69% and diffuse macular edema in 31% of eyes. BCVA was 0.2 in CME, 0.1 in diffuse edema (p = 0.008). Foveal thickness was 413.4 ± 212 µm in CME, 311.27 ± 53 µm in diffuse edema (p = 0.03). BVCA was 0.3 in eyes with serous retinal detachment (SRD), 0.2 in eyes without SRD (p = 0.02). BCVA was 0.4 in eyes with inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) disruption, 0.1 in eyes with integrity of the IS/OS junction (p = 0.01).
BCVA is negatively correlated with cystoid pattern, foveal thickening and SRD. Disruption of the IS/OS junction is associated with poor vision in uveitic macular edema.